Restful sleep is the prerequisite for a healthy life. In the case of disorders of respiratory regulation or muscle tone of the upper respiratory tract, this restorative function may be disturbed. In addition to daytime sleepiness with an increased tendency to accidents, this can lead to cardiac arrhythmias, arterial hypertension, high pressure in the pulmonary circulation, myocardial infarction, heart failure, stroke and psychiatric disorders.
Timely detection and treatment of sleep-related breathing disorders not only prevents disease, but directly improves quality of life.
The most common form of nocturnal breathing disorders is obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, which is found in 3 – 7% of adult men and 2 – 5% of adult women. In people with diseases of the cardiovascular system, the risk is increased 2 to 3 times.
During sleep, the muscle tone of the pharyngeal musculature is reduced, leading to snoring and finally to pauses in breathing due to the collapse of the soft tissues of the pharynx. During these pauses in breathing, the organism cannot be supplied with oxygen.